It is undeniable that mosquito bites are irritating. Male mosquitoes do not depend on blood for survival; however, female mosquitoes feed solely on blood. It follows that they are equipped with the right adaptation characteristics that help them locate their victims. Female mosquitoes have heightened senses that help them identify specific chemicals in a person’s sweat, scent, and carbon dioxide from breathing.
When a mosquito lands on the victim’s skin, it embeds its proboscis, which is needle-like in shape, into the target area and begins drawing blood. To the victim, this induces a painful and irritating sensation, which prompts one to scratch. The result is a bump and a persistent itch.
Everyone reacts to bites and stings differently. Some people might not be affected so much with a mosquito bite. On the other hand, some will suffer allergic reactions. Mosquito saliva contains proteins that prevent blood from clotting. When it bites, this protein is injected into the blood stream, and the mosquito can draw blood without interruption. The body has defense mechanisms that compel it to act in multiple ways, depending on the victim. The protein, which is an anti-coagulant, is also responsible for swelling, redness, and itching that is associated with bites.
These are the most common reactions. They include itching and redness of the affected area. They can be felt immediately or after multiple bites. They can easily be treated at home by applying lotion such as calamine among others.
These are common only if the victim has a pre-existing immune disorder, meaning that they are easily affected. They include a low fever, itching and redness that spreads to a bigger area, and hives among others. They can be treated by applying ice in the swollen areas and antihistamines for the hives.
These may call for medical attention. Some of their symptoms include anaphylaxis that is life threatening. Joint swelling and Large hives can also occur preventing the victims from moving comfortably. The victim may also experience blistering lesions. Others include nausea, swelling of the throat and eyes, fainting, palpitations, and wheezing. People that have severe allergies to mosquito bites should always carry epinephrine pens to inject themselves as they await medical attention. If not attended to severe allergies can be a catalyst to other conditions within the body that may be fateful depending on the potency of the immune system of the victim.
To avoid allergies, it is recommendable to implement prevention measures. Mosquitoes breed in swampy areas and places that have stagnant water. It is advisable to clear stagnant water that might be close to residential areas. Mosquitoes are active during dusk and dawn. One should wear long sleeved shirts, socks, and long trousers as protective gear during this time. It is also advisable to use mosquito repellents that do not react with the skin; however, most repellents provide protections for about six hours before they wear off. Moreover, repairing holes in windows and doors prevents mosquitoes from accessing the house when they are active.